North Gyeongsang Province
|• Revised Romanization||Gyeongsangbuk-do|
|Subdivisions||10 cities; 12 counties|
|• Governor||Lee Cheol-woo|
|• Total||19,030 km2 (7,350 sq mi)|
|• Density||141.7/km2 (367/sq mi)|
|• Bird||Common heron|
|Gross Regional Product (2020)|
|• Total||KR₩105.8 trillion|
|ISO 3166 code||KR-47|
|Website||Official website (English)|
North Gyeongsang Province (Korean: 경상북도, romanized: Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korean pronunciation: [kjʌŋ.saŋ.buk̚.t͈o]) is a province in eastern South Korea, and with an area of 19,030 km2 (7,350 sq mi), it is the largest province in the Korean peninsula. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Gyeongsang province, and remained a province of Korea (as Keishōhoku-dō during Japanese rule) until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea.
Geography and climate
The province is part of the Yeongnam region, bordered on the south by Gyeongsangnam-do, on the west by Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongbuk-do Provinces, and on the north by Gangwon-do Province. It is largely surrounded by mountains: the Taebaek Mountains in the east and the Sobaek Mountains in the west.
North Gyeongsang Province is the homeland of the former kingdom of Silla and has retained much of its cultural tradition. A number of artists, political leaders and scholars have come from the province.
View of Hahoe Folkvillage in Andong
View of Yangdong Folk Village in Gyeongju
View of Muryangsojieon lantern statue and Buseoksa Temple in Yeongju
Bulguk Temple in Gyeongju
Gyeongsangbuk-do is divided into 10 cities (si) and 12 counties (gun). The names below are given in English, hangul, and hanja. Gyeongsang do is originated from Gyeongju & Sangju old city of Gyeong+Sang from Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). Do means road to 8 directional road from Seoul. Pohang is Korean steel production hub, Gumi is electronics capital of South Korea.
|— Specific City —|
|1||Pohang||포항시||浦項市||519,060||2 ilban-gu — 4 eup, 10 myeon, 15 haengjeong-dong|
|— City —|
|2||Gumi||구미시||龜尾市||417,708||2 eup, 6 myeon, 19 haengjeong-dong|
|3||Gyeongsan||경산시||慶山市||247,613||2 eup, 6 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong|
|4||Gyeongju||경주시||慶州市||263,704||4 eup, 8 myeon, 11 haengjeong-dong|
|5||Andong||안동시||安東市||167,826||1 eup, 13 myeon, 10 haengjeong-dong|
|6||Gimcheon||김천시||金泉市||135,191||1 eup, 14 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong|
|7||Yeongju||영주시||榮州市||112,482||1 eup, 9 myeon, 9 haengjeong-dong|
|8||Sangju||상주시||尙州市||103,950||1 eup, 17 myeon, 6 haengjeong-dong|
|9||Yeongcheon||영천시||永川市||101,295||1 eup, 10 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong|
|10||Mungyeong||문경시||聞慶市||75,749||2 eup, 7 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong|
|— County —|
|11||Chilgok County||칠곡군||漆谷郡||120,135||3 eup, 5 myeon|
|12||Uiseong County||의성군||義城郡||56,777||1 eup, 17 myeon|
|13||Uljin County||울진군||蔚珍郡||51,723||2 eup, 8 myeon|
|14||Yecheon County||예천군||醴泉郡||45,948||1 eup, 11 myeon|
|15||Cheongdo County||청도군||淸道郡||43,787||2 eup, 7 myeon|
|16||Seongju County||성주군||星州郡||44,824||1 eup, 9 myeon|
|17||Yeongdeok County||영덕군||盈德郡||40,213||1 eup, 8 myeon|
|18||Goryeong County||고령군||高靈郡||35,281||1 eup, 7 myeon|
|19||Bonghwa County||봉화군||奉化郡||33,936||1 eup, 9 myeon|
|20||Cheongsong County||청송군||靑松郡||26,432||1 eup, 7 myeon|
|21||Yeongyang County||영양군||英陽郡||18,259||1 eup, 5 myeon|
|22||Ulleung County||울릉군||鬱陵郡||10,557||1 eup, 2 myeon|
In September 2021, archaeologists announced the discovery of 1500 years-old woman skeleton with a necklace and a bracelet in North Gyeongsang Province. The remains of a 135-centimeter-tall woman, who is estimated to have died in her 20s, were discovered along with the bones of animals such as horses and cows, as well as earthenware.
- "연령별 인구현황". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "2021년 지역소득(잠정)".
- 도로망 구축 10조 원, 경북도청 신청사 지역의 위용(사진). HuffPost (in Korean). 15 February 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
- "South Korea: Provinces".
- "2015 Census – Religion Results" (in Korean). KOSIS KOrean Statistical Information Service. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
- 2013년 1분기 주민등록인구현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. March 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- "More human sacrifice evidence unearthed at Gyeongju palace site". koreatimes. 7 September 2021. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
- "Human Remains Found in Foundation of Silla Dynasty Palace - Archaeology Magazine". www.archaeology.org. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
- Seung-hyun, Song (7 September 2021). "More evidence unearthed of Silla-era human sacrifice". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
- "Remains from human sacrifices unearthed at Wolseong Palace in Gyeongju". english.hani.co.kr. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
- Official website (in English)
- (in French) Alsace/Gyeongsangbuk-do
- North Gyeongsang Province travel guide from Wikivoyage